La mesa de luz

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El olivo, símbolo de la lucha palestina

26 Oct 2010
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In this photo taken Wednesday, Oct. 20, 2010, an American volunteer picks olives as she stands on a net, next to the settlement West Bank Jewish settlement of Eli, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Dan Balilty)

En octubre ha comenzado en Palestina la recogida de la oliva. Pero el olivo no es sólo una de las principales fuentes de riqueza y alimentación del pueblo palestino, también es un símbolo de su lucha por mantener sus tierras frente a los asentamientos de colonos israelíes. Es habitual que los colonos judios quemen, talen o dañen los olivos de los campos palestinos que sólo pueden ser visitados por sus dueños cuando los militares les permiten el paso por el correspondiente checkpoint. Incluso llegan a asaltar a los agricultores y robarles su cosecha. En estos últimos días han llegado fotos de la recolección, pero también de los daños que sufren estos campos y de la desesperación de los agricultores palestinos ante los daños.

Otra muestra más del conflicto de oriente próximo pero esta vez con el olivo y su fruto, la oliva, como símbolos de la resistencia palestina.

QAL08 NAPLUSA (–), 15/10/2010. Las aceitunas se clasifican y se limpian en un molino tradicional al inicio de la temporada de recolección de la aceituna en la aldea de Jet, cerca de la ciuda cisjordana de Naplusa, el viernes 15 de octubre de 2010. Agricultores de los territorios palestinos han empezado a cosechar sus olivas para fabricar jabón y aceite. EFE/Alaa Badarneh

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a Palestinian woman picks olives in the West Bank village of Farata, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a donkey grazes under an olive tree in the West Bank town of Tel, as the village of Farata is seen in the background, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

Eighty-five-year old Palestinian woman Nazmiyah Zakarna separates leaves from olives as she harvests her olive trees in the village of Qabatiya, near the West Bank city of Jenin, on October 16, 2010. AFP PHOTO/SAIF DAHLAH

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a Palestinian woman talks with her son as they take a break from harvesting olives in the West Bank town of Burqa, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this photo taken Wednesday, Oct. 20, 2010, American volunteers pick olives next to the settlement West Bank Jewish settlement of Eli, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Dan Balilty)

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, harvested olives lie on a tarp in the West Bank village of Farata, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a Palestinian woman harvests olives in the West Bank town of Jit, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

A Palestinian farmer checks his destroyed crop of olives, damaged according to residents from the flow of raw sewage from the nearby Jewish settlement of Elon Moreh, close to the Palestinian village of Deir al-Hatab in the Israeli-occupied West Bank on October 26, 2010. Residents said they discovered thousands of olive trees in the village were ruined by the sewage when they were allowed to visit the grove for the first time by the Israeli army, who does not allow them regular access for “security reasons”. AFP PHOTO/JAAFAR ASHTIYEH

NAB08. NAPLUSA (CISJORDANIA), 23/10/2010.- La palestina Salima Ewes, de 73 años, posa su mano sobre lo que queda de uno de sus olivos en la localidad de Loban (Cisjordania) hoy, sábado, 23 de octubre de 2010. Salima ha perdido 40 de sus olivos después de que estos fueran talados por colonos israelí­es del asentamiento cercano, Elie, cerca de la ciudad cisjordana de Naplusa. EFE/Alaa Badarneh

NAB01. NAPLUSA (CISJORDANIA), 23/10/2010.- La palestina Salima Ewes, de 73 años, llora desconsolada al ver sus olivos talados en Loban (Cisjordania) hoy, sábado, 23 de octubre de 2010. Salima ha perdido 40 de sus olivos después de que estos fueran talados por colonos israelí­es del asentamiento cercano, Elie, cerca de la ciudad cisjordana de Naplusa. EFE/Alaa Badarneh

Palestinian farmers bring their harvested olives on a tractor, as they drive through a military checkpoint, after having picked olives on the other side of Israel’s separation barrier, near the West Bank village of Anin near Jenin, Monday, Oct. 25, 2010. During olive harvest season that opened in October, the Israeli army started opening a checkpoint at a section of Israel separation barrier for limited times during the day, in order to allow Palestinians from the West Bank village of Anin to access their olive trees and harvest. (AP Photo/Mohammed Ballas)

A Palestinian couple harvest olives near Israel?s separation wall, which separates their family land in two, on October 14, 2010 in the Beit Awa village, near Hebron in the occupied West Bank.   TOPSHOTS     AFP PHOTO / HAZEMBADER

Palestinian farmers help firemen to extinguish fire from a Palestinian olive tree field after it was set ablaze by Jewish settlers in the West Bank village of Hussan, near the Israeli settlement of Beitar Illit (unseen) on October19, 2010.  Jewish settlers who vandalise Palestinian trees are not being brought to justice, with police inquiries repeatedly failing to lead to prosecutions, a human rights group said.  AFP PHOTO/MUSA AL-SHAE

Fresh green olives are sorted and cleaned at an olive press in the village of Qabatiya, near the West Bank city of Jenin, on October 12, 2010, as farmers across the Palestinian territories have started to harvest their olives to make their own soap and oil. AFP PHOTO/SAIF DAHLA

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a Palestinian worker monitors a stone press in an olive oil making factory in the West Bank town of Burqa, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, Palestinian boys take a break emptying bags of olives into a sorter at an olive oil factory in the West Bank town of Jit, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, olives are seen in a sorter in an olive oil making factory in the West Bank town of Burqa, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

NAB03. NAPLUSA (CISJORDANIA), 23/10/2010.- La palestina Salima Ewes, de 73 años, camina entre sus olivos talados en la localidad de Loban (Cisjordania) hoy, sábado, 23 de octubre de 2010. Salima ha perdido 40 de sus olivos después de que estos fueran talados por colonos israelí­es del asentamiento cercano, Elie, cerca de la ciudad cisjordana de Naplusa. EFE/Alaa Badarneh

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, a Palestinian farmer collects harvested olives in the West Bank town of Jit, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)

In this photo taken Wednesday, Oct. 20, 2010, American volunteers walk between olive trees, next to the settlement West Bank Jewish settlement of Eli, near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Dan Balilty)

A man picks olives from his grove in the Palestinian village of Jeit close to the Israeli occupied West Bank city of Nablus on October 11, 2010, as farmers across the West Bank harvest their trees producing olives, olive oil and soap. AFP PHOTO/JAAFAR ASHTIYEH

In this picture taken Monday, Oct. 18, 2010, Palestinian Majdi Suliman, 27, looks out at the Jewish outpost of Hivat Gilad from behind one of his olive trees in the West Bank village of Farata near Nablus. The olive tree has long been a symbol of the Palestinians’ attachment to their homeland, particularly rocky hills of the West Bank, its mystique enhanced by persistent efforts by Jewish settlers to disrupt the annual harvest. This year the stakes have been raised: The Palestinians have doubled the number of trees planted, and Jewish settlers have responded by ramping up their own olive production. At the heart of the matter is the long-standing struggle for control of the land, where possession is often determined by who works the land, and not always who owns it. (AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)


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